Video: Wooden Windows: Oak, Pine Or Mahogany
The choice of the material from which the wooden profile will be made is quite a responsible matter, because not only the cost of the window depends on the type of wood, but also its performance, the attractiveness of its appearance and the duration of its service life.
Among all types of trees used for the production of wooden windows, the palm tree in popularity is shared by relatively inexpensive conifers - pine and larch. Higher in the price range are wooden windows made of elite species - oak, beech, ash or exotic mahogany (maranti), which are a sign of the special status of their owners.
The value of a particular type of wood is determined by several parameters, of which the most significant, in addition to aesthetic characteristics, are density, resistance to biological effects, as well as resistance to atmospheric and climatic environmental factors.
The most budgetary material for the manufacture of wooden windows is pine wood. Pine has a wide distribution area, and its wood is easy to process - together this makes pine profile windows quite comparable in price to plastic windows, that is, affordable for most families.
However, such an advantage of pine, as the softness of its wood, turns out to be rather doubtful in practice. The surface of pine frames and window sills is not resistant to mechanical damage that is practically inevitable during operation. Deprived of varnish, damaged areas become vulnerable to rotting, which is almost inevitable if pine wood has not been previously impregnated with special chemical compounds. If such impregnation was carried out, then another problem arises: the release of chemicals into the interior of the room.
The disadvantages of the common pine growing in central Russia are devoid of the Angara pine, which is not only one and a half times higher than its European relative in terms of wood density, but is also more resistant to the effects of putrefactive microorganisms. Naturally, the cost of a wooden profile from Angarsk pine will be higher than a profile from European pine.
The next most valuable tree species after Angarsk pine is Siberian larch, which is distinguished by both high hardness and outstanding resistance to any biological, climatic or atmospheric influences. In a more "smoothed" form, European larch has all the advantages inherent in Siberian larch.
Due to the effect of polymerization of resins, the hardness of wood in larch only increases over the years, so larch frames and window sills, even many years after installation, will be devoid of dents, scratches and grooves that sooner or later appear on pine profile products.
Another advantage is that there is no need for any chemical impregnation, which ensures environmental cleanliness and complete safety for human health of windows made of this type of wood. Finally, larch, which has a beautiful texture in the range of light, sunny yellow shades, can easily compete in attractiveness with the wood of such elite species as oak or ash.
The cost of larch profile windows is about 30% higher than that of conventional pine frames. This is due not only to the undoubted advantages of larch, but also to the fact that the high resin content of this species makes it difficult to process its wood.
Along with larch, oak is one of the best species for the production of wooden windows. Oak window frames, especially in combination with interior doors and furniture made of the same material, are able to bring to the interior a sense of solidity, solidity and that discreet luxury that is inherent only in the highest class apartments.
Notable for its high hardness, oak wood also has a very beautiful texture with a sharp grain pattern, which alternates between light, grayish-greenish and darker, greenish-brown areas.
Almost the only drawback of oak is its high cost, associated, first of all, with the difficulties caused by drying and processing of this wood species. In particular, the cutting tool used for sawing oak wears out twice as fast as when cutting pine.
In addition, despite the resistance of oak wood to decay, the oak profile still has to be varnished - otherwise, over time, it may acquire an undesirable grayish tint. Varnish is also necessary to protect against the grinder beetle, before which the oak wood, unfortunately, cannot resist.
Ash is also included in the category of elite species, together with oak and Siberian larch. White or matt gray ash wood, with a texture rich in a weave of clearly defined fibers, has a high hardness, while maintaining elasticity and comparative ease of machining.
More recently, mahogany (maranti) window profiles have appeared on the Russian market of wooden windows, the home of which is the humid Indonesian jungle. However, although this breed is unusually beautiful and has a high hardness, nevertheless, mahogany euro-windows can hardly be recommended for installation in the harsh Russian climate, since it is impossible to predict with accuracy how the maranti window frames will react to the bitter frost and whether it will be disturbed when this is the geometry of the window.
However, if you wish, by all means decorate the interior with mahogany windows, you can use special varnishes that closely repeat the colors and shades of any exotic species. The effect of such a simple action usually exceeds all expectations. Pine or larch profile windows begin to look as if they were in fact made of mahogany, while maintaining a high resistance to any weather conditions characteristic of northern latitudes.
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