Table of contents:
- Drilling metal
- Drilling wood
- Drilling concrete
- Sanding. Grinding. Polishing
When drilling a hole in metal with a hand drill, the drill will usually jam. A wooden cork, previously driven into the hole, will help to correct this defect.
It is not difficult to drill a hole in a thin metal sheet if it is clamped in a vice along with a wooden block. It is most inconvenient to drill thin metal sheets. Every now and then they strive to break free and injure the driller.
Cut yourself a shovel out of steel with a comfortable handle. Attach the workpiece with clamps to the upper surface of the "shovel".
Anyone who has tried it knows that a large diameter drill will "break" the hole, and it will be uneven. Place a piece of rubber or a rag folded in several layers under the drill and start working. The hole will be straight.
To cut blind holes in a part, you can use a piece of a round file clamped in an electric drill chuck. In order not to damage the back wall of the part, the working end of the file fragment should be slightly rounded on the emery wheel.
Drilling a radial hole in a metal bar or tube is not easy. Especially if you're trying to do it with a hand drill. This task can be facilitated in this way: drill a hole of the corresponding diameter in a wooden block, insert a tube into it and drill calmly, without fear that the drill will slip.
If a blind (blind) hole in a metal part is filled with paraffin, then the thread cut on it will be clean.
Drilling a large hole in the board at home is very difficult, because the shank of a large drill cannot be clamped in the chuck of a hand drill. A hole with a diameter of 15 to 40 mm can be made using a simple device consisting of a metal rod and a piece of a hacksaw of the right size. Its cutting edges are sharpened at an angle of 45 degrees, inserted into a longitudinal slot previously made in the rod, and soldered or fixed with a wedge, which is driven into the slot.
A sophisticated person will never begin to drill a round log before they securely fix it. He knows that without taking precautions, he will most likely not be able to drill the hole exactly along the intended path, and besides, he may lose the drill.
Put a 1.5-2 cm long spring between the handle and the "slider" of a hand drill for wood, and even with sharp movements of the "slider" a finger will not be pinched, accidentally caught between it and the handle.
When drilling a large hole in wood (20-30 mm), the required drill or perk may not be available. In this case, first drill a hole with a smaller diameter, and then insert a flat steel washer (preferably a new one) into the brace chuck and go through the hole again. This method is also applicable to countersink holes.
If you need to drill many holes at right angles in wooden parts, then take a hardwood cube and make a reference hole in it with great accuracy. And then use this jig in your work like this. The cube put on the drill will also serve as a drilling depth limiter.
Lemonade iln beer capsule plug is a good substitute for a drill when you need to drill into wood
the compass needle holder, then reduce the risk of breaking it when fibrous material or plaster has a hole with a diameter of about 20 mm. Pierce the plug, put it on the bolt, fastening with two locknuts, and drill.
It is difficult to make a hole in plywood, it splits. Take a steel tube of the required diameter, sharpen the cutting edge inside with a round file and cut the teeth on it with a triangular file. Insert a wooden cylinder with a nail without a head inside the tube. When working, the end of the nail, protruding 1-2 mm, is the guide.
So that when drilling small parts made of sheet material, they do not scroll, we advise you to put sandpaper under them.
If you fix a drill with a diameter of 0.8-1.1 mm, you will drill small-diameter holes in wood, PCB, plastic.
There are quite a few devices for cutting out large-diameter holes in sheet material - plastic, plywood, chipboard, etc. You can use the design: a bracket is bent from a strip of steel 2-3 mm thick, its ends are embedded, and a hole is drilled in the center, then the bracket is put on a bolt with a pre-sawn head. For work, the device is clamped in an electric drill chuck.
You can cut a large hole in sheet material in a simple way: clamp a nail in a vice (it will serve as an axis) and a piece of a drill (this will be a cutter). The circle is cut by rotating the sheet around the axis.
A circle of any diameter from plywood can be cut accurately, neatly and quickly using a wooden plank and two sharp nails driven into the plank.
Cutting large diameter circles, for example from thin sheets of plywood, is also a kind of drilling. Admixture drill. It is not difficult to make it.
A pencil sharpener cutter (sold separately) can be used successfully for boring holes in wood and plastic. It is fixed in the chuck of an electric drill and the edges of the hole are processed.
A potato peeler in the hands of a craftsman is an almost ready-made tool for processing rounded holes in plywood. You just need to sharpen its cutting edge.
When drilling a board or plywood, remove the burrs at the same time, for which string several rings of dense felt on the drill.
A tool that can drill a hole in an adjustable cutter that is worn on a board that is too thick can be obtained by bending a piece of wire and sharpening a perk blade.
It is easier and faster to drill concrete with an asymmetrically sharpened carbide drill. However, we advise you to plan and start holes with a drill with a conventional sharpening.
When drilling a hole in the ceiling, crumbs of concrete and plaster scatter in all directions, fall into the eyes, behind the collar. Make a spring wire funnel, wrap it with plastic wrap and slide it over the drill.
If you drill into a concrete or brick wall made in a can of boot cream, the dust will collect in it and not fly into the room.
If you don't have a winning drill for drilling in concrete, you can replace it with a punch from the “Novosel's Dream” set. Fitted into a drill chuck, it takes concrete well.
When drilling a hole in concrete or brick, the drill will last longer if it is periodically moistened with water. It is convenient to use an elastic plastic bottle as a water reservoir.
When drilling holes in the wall, it is very difficult to hold the drill in a strictly horizontal position. Attach to her
a small level or a bubble replacing it with electrical tape, and the matter will be greatly simplified.
If it is necessary to drill a through hole in the wall, but the length of the drill is not enough, what to do? Try this operation in two steps: on one side of the wall and on the other. Having drilled a hole at the marked point, place a magnet in it. Then use the compass to find the drilling point on the opposite side of the wall. The compass needle won't go wrong.
Round knives that have served in an electric shaver can be successfully used as a cutter. The knife is put on the screw, firmly fixed with a nut, and the screw is clamped in the drill chuck. This cutter is suitable for working with any material: razor knives are made of alloy steel.
The spark wheels in lighters are made of very hard alloys, so throw them away together
you don't need a lighter with an old age: these wheels are excellent cutters for processing small metal objects. Tighten such a cutter with a bolt and insert an electric drill into the chuck.
Sanding. Grinding. Polishing
For many jobs, sandpaper has to be wrapped around a block. For sanding small parts, it is easier to use a matchbox instead of a block. It is always at hand and it is very easy to fix the skin on it. A piece of the required size is placed on top of the open box, the edges are folded inward and the boxes are pushed in.
A travel soap dish can be turned into a sanding tool. Replacing the worn out sandpaper with a new one is a matter of a few seconds.
When sanding small parts with sandpaper, it is easy to damage the skin on your fingertips.This can be avoided by placing sandpaper on a block, bending the edges and clamping it in a vice.
When sanding wood and metal objects with a large surface, it is convenient to use an attachment of two wooden blocks connected by a strip of leather. The sandpaper is attached with the sharp ends of nails driven into the top bar.
Another way to attach the skin to the bar. Insert one end of the skin into the slanting cut, secure the other with a pushpin.
Sandpaper (on any basis) is best cut with a nail. Its tip is carried out several times along the wrong side of the sheet, and then the desired piece is torn off. The edge is flat, not stretched.
It is very convenient to sand large surfaces, such as floors, with a kitchen trowel nailed to a block of wood. Such a device is more durable than plain sandpaper.
Sandpaper clogged with sawdust will still work if you clean it with a shoe brush.
It is convenient to grind parts on this device, keeping a right angle during processing.
To sand a round wooden or plastic rod well with emery paper, make a simple tool: Drill a hole in a rectangular wooden block corresponding to the diameter of the rod, and then saw the block into two equal parts. How to use this device can be seen from the figure.
Remove the blade from the machine of the old safety razor that you haven't used for a long time and attach a piece of sandpaper to it. Such a device will help when sanding wood in hard-to-reach places.
For polishing small objects made of metal, stone, plastic, wood, you can use a vibrating electric shaver, the knives of which have served their life. Instead of the knife block, a plastic plate with a glued felt strip is installed. Polished paste is applied to the felt.
A felt or felt disc with a foot inserted into a drill instead of a drill will help you quickly polish any flat surface.
We suggest polishing pipes in this way. We wrap the pipe with a strip of felt 30-50 mm wide with the applied polishing paste. From above we put on a rubber ring that covers the felt and presses it to the pipe. We clamp a rubberized circle into the drill chuck, with its help rotation is transmitted to the felt wheel, stirring the ring along the pipe, you can polish it along the entire length and on bends.
Standard round eraser - The typewriter eraser can be used to polish small parts by securing it with the screw and nut in the drill chuck.