Wooden Windows

Table of contents:

Wooden Windows
Wooden Windows

Video: Wooden Windows

Video: Wooden Windows
Video: How Wooden Windows Are Made 2023, December
  • What to look for when choosing wooden windows?
  • Types of wooden windows
  • Installation and operation of wooden windows

Wooden windows are what we are used to. They are reliable and warm, they perfectly complement modern interiors and harmoniously fit into "antique" interiors.


The main advantages of wooden windows:

  • High strength with low bulk density

    Excellent thermal protection

    Good sound insulation

    High frost resistance

    Aesthetic appearance

  • What to look for when choosing wooden windows?

    the core of the tree must not be used in the window beam. Of course, you will not saw a finished window for inspection. But in a reputable company, wood should be presented in different forms - from pure timber to the final product. Take a close look at the so-called corner - a cutaway wooden profile. Concentric annual rings are clearly visible on the core of the tree;

    the presence of a knot and resin pockets is not allowed in the window beam;

    the surface of the frame should be silky-smooth, without paint smudges;

    in a quality product, the glazing bead cannot be attached to the sash with nails; fittings of unknown origin without a trademark are unacceptable;

    a high-quality wooden window cannot be painted with cheap dyes.

    Quality wooden windows cannot be cheap. This is due to the specificity of the preparation of the source material and the use of complex expensive equipment.

    Types of wooden windows

    With all the diversity of the window world, the design features make it possible to divide all windows into two main groups:

    1) separate, in which the glasses are in separate sashes, 2) with paired binding, in which two frames are bolted together.


    The first type includes Russian windows, the second - Euro windows (German technology), Finnish and Norwegian windows. Let's consider them in more detail.

    Russian windows

    We are all accustomed to separate binding since Soviet times - such windows were installed in typical "stalinkas", "Khrushchevs", panel nine-story buildings, etc. This type of window is usually called - RUSSIAN WINDOWS, which are often referred to as joinery. Solid wood and sheet glass are used for their production. Occasionally, instead of single glass, double-glazed windows are inserted, pre-ordered separately. There is no need to talk about the complete tightness of Russian windows, the gaps are eliminated with the help of additional sealing contours made of special rubber, rubber-plastic, etc. A window made of solid wood can lead. To prevent this from happening, the wood must be dried and prepared according to all the rules. Otherwise, carpentry buyers run the risk of wasting money.

    Euro windows (German technology)

    The main difference between EUROOKON made according to German technology is the use of a double-glazed unit and the absence of vents. However, it is possible to make vents in such models. It's just that the problem of light ventilation of the room is solved by itself due to the possibility of opening the window frame in a vertical plane and fixing it in this mode.

    Glued laminated timber is used as a material for euro windows, where three layers of wood are located with different grain directions. The use of laminated veneer lumber technology allows you to create strong frames that resist deformation, and therefore, will serve their owners for many years. The water-repellent glue used for gluing acts as an additional protection against negative environmental influences.

    Double-glazed windows in euro windows are two- or three-chamber. For heat and sound insulation in the frames, a double and sometimes triple sealing contour is used. In this regard, Euro-windows do not require gluing for the winter - the sash adjoins the window frame quite tightly.

    Finnish windows

    FINNISH WINDOWS have two sets of sashes, which are fastened with special fittings. In one of the doors, ordinary glass is installed, in the other - a double-glazed window. With such a design, it is very difficult to realize the opening of windows in two planes, although sometimes Finnish windows are produced that open in vertical mode. Small transoms and vents are provided for ventilation. Sometimes, in cases where the use of curtains is undesirable, blinds are installed inside the Finnish windows, allowing you to regulate the luminous flux in the premises.

    The material for the production of Finnish windows is most often natural wood, less often double glued beams are used. Sealing contours are used for more efficient flap adhesion.

    Norwegian windows

    IN NORWEGIAN WINDOWS, the features of Russian windows and Euro windows are combined. The similarity with the carpentry is given to them by the massif, the quality of the material of which is monitored extremely strictly: it must be high quality northern pine or larch. The similarity with euro-windows lies in the use of double-glazed windows, but there are serious differences in technology. According to Norwegian technology, a rubber gasket is used instead of a sealant. The glass unit is fixed with glazing beads and self-tapping screws, which makes it very easy to replace the damaged glass unit.

    Another feature of Norwegian windows is the installation of a molecular sieve, which absorbs excess moisture in case of temperature changes, preventing the glass from fogging. In addition, Norwegian windows are imperatively impregnated with a composition against decay, so they are well protected from destruction in high humidity. On top of the impregnation, varnish or tint coating is applied. The windows are opened in two planes.

    Installation and operation of wooden windows

    The installation of wooden windows in accordance with the norms and rules of installation is carried out by specialized construction firms according to the schemes of typical junction assemblies and in compliance with the sequence of technological operations for the installation of window blocks, installation of drainage systems, slopes, window sills;

    Disassembly of products and elimination of breakdowns is carried out only by specialists;

    Wood is a moisture-absorbing material, therefore wooden windows should be stored and operated in a room with normal humidity (50–70%), a temperature of about + 18 ° C and with good ventilation, if there is no such ventilation, artificial ventilation should be provided.

    During the renovation of the premises, do not wrap the windows with polyethylene or other airtight materials. In the case when the repair work is associated with an increase in humidity in the room (with an area of more than 0.7 sq. M), the balcony doors and sashes must be kept closed, with the exception of one, which must be open for ventilation.

    Complete stabilization of the paintwork occurs two to three weeks after application, therefore, during this time, under direct exposure to moisture, white spots may appear on the window surface, and the texture of wood may appear. With decreasing humidity, the stains disappear.

    The moving parts of the fittings must be lubricated with non-absorbent technical Vaseline at least once a year. This operation is performed independently, during the warranty period, by a representative of the company;

    To increase the intervals for surface maintenance, it is necessary to use a polish for the lacquer surface of the window block. The use of other agents will damage the varnish. Before use, the polish must be shaken well and then applied with a soft cloth or sponge on a dry surface. Using polish twice a year will prolong the service life of the wooden elements of the product for a long time;

    In most cases, maintenance work is not time consuming, however, they allow you to avoid subsequently expensive repairs and replacement of wooden frames.