Video: Redevelopment According To The New Housing Code
With the entry into force of the new Housing Code and the Law of the City of Moscow No. 73 "On the Procedure for Reorganizing Premises in Residential Buildings on the Territory of Moscow", the procedure for obtaining permits and carrying out work on redeveloping residential premises has somewhat changed.
Article 25 of the LC RF establishes the types of reconstruction and redevelopment of living quarters:
1. Conversion of a dwelling is the installation, replacement or relocation of utilities, sanitary, electrical or other equipment, requiring a change in the technical passport of the dwelling.
2. Redevelopment of a dwelling is a change in its configuration, requiring changes to the technical passport of the dwelling.
With an application for redevelopment or reconstruction, you must contact the Single Window Service at the Moscow Housing Inspection.
The following documents are attached to the application:
copies of documents on the rights to the occupied premises;
copies of the premises plan and BTI explication, which must be received from the technical inventory authorities no later than one year from the date of filing the Application;
graphic representation of the redevelopment of premises - a sketch or a project, if the planned activities (works) require the development of project documentation;
the consent of the owner of a residential building or a manager of a residential building (required for the conversion of non-residential premises).
The sketch can be drawn directly on the BTI plan. Red ink (pen) should be used to mark the partitions that are planned to be demolished, green - those that will be built.
In the same case, if a project is required, it must be carried out by a licensed organization.
If earlier the approval of the project in all instances was a matter of the owner himself and the organization did it for a separate fee, now the organization that carries out the project must develop documentation for the entire scope of the application, including the necessary approvals.
On the basis of these documents, the Moscow Housing Inspectorate within 20 working days makes a decision on the registration of redevelopment or on refusal.
In case of a positive decision, the Moscow Housing Inspectorate issues a permit for the reconstruction of the premises and the production of related repair and construction work.
Simultaneously with the permit, a journal of the production of repair and construction works is issued. This journal records the entire course of work from the moment it began. The journal also notes:
procedure for access to disconnecting engineering devices;
list of mandatory control measures;
composition and sequence of acceptance of works, structures and engineering equipment;
a list of technical documentation for which control should be carried out;
a list of as-built documents to be presented upon acceptance of the completed reorganization of premises.
During the work, the Moscow Housing Inspection inspects them. Either on a planned basis, or in case of complaints from neighbors.
At the same time, the inspection checks:
availability, quality and condition of technical documentation for the production of works;
observance of the technological process of reorganization of premises, control operations in the process of reorganization and their provision with the necessary measuring equipment and tools;
compliance with the instructions of the Moscow Housing Inspectorate issued during the reconstruction;
the correctness and completeness of individual tests and comprehensive testing of the mounted engineering equipment;
Timeliness of elimination of deficiencies in technical documentation and performance of work identified during inspections.
In case of detected violations, the inspection may demand their elimination or even complete cessation of work.
Completed works are accepted by the acceptance committee consisting of:
representative of the Moscow Housing Inspection (chairman of the acceptance committee);
a representative of the territorial executive authority;
Residential building manager;
developer (author) of the project;
performer (work producer).
The acceptance committee draws up an act on the reconstruction of the premises on a standard form.
Types of jobs
Before contacting the Single Window Service of the Moscow Housing Inspectorate or the design organization, it will be useful to familiarize yourself with the list of those redevelopment or reconstruction works that can be carried out on the basis of the sketch, and those for which the project is required.
You also need to be aware that some of the changes are invalid.
1. Grounds for redevelopment or reconstruction works:
Dismantling (complete, partial) of non-bearing partitions (excluding interroom partitions). The base is a sketch.
Arrangement of openings in non-load-bearing partitions (excluding inter-apartment). The base is a sketch.
Arrangement of openings in load-bearing walls and inter-apartment partitions (when combining rooms horizontally).
The basis is the project.
Arrangement of openings in floors
Installation of internal stairs. The basis is the project.
Sealing doorways in partitions and curtain walls. The base is a sketch.
Arrangement of partitions without increasing floor loads. The base is a sketch.
Arrangement of partitions (with increasing loads) and load-bearing walls. The basis is the project.
Replacement (installation of additional) engineering equipment (not involving re-equipment throughout the building). The base is a sketch.
Changing the design of the floors (with increasing loads). The basis is the project.
Replacement of technological, engineering and plumbing equipment (for a new functional purpose of the premises). The basis is the project.
Arrangement of toilets (toilets, bathrooms) and kitchens. The basis is the project.
Rearrangement of heating (heating), plumbing and gas appliances (excluding the transfer of radiators to glazed loggias and balconies). The basis is the project.
Installation of household electric stoves instead of gas and kitchen stoves. The basis is the project.
Replacement and / or installation of additional engineering equipment, which increases energy and / or water consumption, with the replacement of existing ones or the laying of additional supply networks (excluding the installation of heated floors from general water supply and heating systems) The basis is the project.
Dismantling of engineering equipment and / or supply networks, provided that the existing risers of cold and hot water supply and sewerage are preserved. The base is a sketch.
2. The list of prohibited changes during the reconstruction and redevelopment of residential premises.
Reorganization of premises is not allowed if:
the operating conditions of the house and residence of citizens are deteriorating, access to utilities and switching devices is hampered;
converted premises or premises adjacent to it may be deemed unfit for living;
the auxiliary area of the premises is increased due to the area of living rooms, and their status does not change in the prescribed manner;
the strength and stability of the supporting structures of the building is violated or their destruction may occur;
disconnecting or regulating devices are installed on common building (or common apartment) engineering networks and their use affects the consumption of resources in adjacent rooms;
it provides for the elimination, reduction of the cross-section of natural ventilation channels;
the load on the supporting structures increases in excess of the permissible ones for the project when installing screeds in the floors, replacing partitions, placing additional equipment.
In residential buildings of standard construction, it is not allowed:
arrange openings, cut niches, punch holes in pylon walls, diaphragm walls and columns (racks, pillars), as well as in the locations of connections between prefabricated elements;
make a shtrab for hidden electrical wiring and pipelines in horizontal seams and under internal wall panels, as well as in wall panels and floor slabs under the placement of electrical wiring and piping;
arrange additional openings in the wall panels of adjacent rooms in height without agreement with the design organization - the author of the project of the residential building or its successor, and in their absence - without additional expertise.