Research Of The Parquet Issue

Research Of The Parquet Issue
Research Of The Parquet Issue
Video: Research Of The Parquet Issue
Video: How to Read Parquet file from AWS S3 Directly into Pandas using Python boto3 2023, February

The history of parquet goes back several millennia. More than thirty centuries ago, people began to use wood to decorate the floor in a home. In those days, only noble or very rich people could afford such a luxury. Today, parquet has become the most traditional type of flooring.


The word "parquet" originated in France, from where the fashion for veneered parquet came to Europe. There, for the first time, they began to make panel and mosaic floors from wood. In Russia, parquet began to be actively used only in the 18th century, during the construction of the Hermitage. Previously, thick floorboards made of soft woods: pine, spruce, and larch were mainly used for flooring. Rare types of wood were almost never used at that time. The most widespread in Russia is the floor made of wooden planks, the so-called "wooden bricks", and artistic parquet. Oak parquet, traditional for us, first appeared on the floor of the Russian chorus in the 16th century. Even then, it was laid in a herringbone pattern, such a flooring technology was called "mowing".At that time, roughly sawn pine wood was used as the basis for parquet. In the next century, wooden blocks were laid on a lime base using the "oak brick" method, and the joints between the "bricks" were sealed with the same lime and resin.

The 18th century saw the flourishing of parquet art in Russia. The active building of the new capital with palaces and cathedrals required a more sensitive approach to interior design. Throughout the first half of the 18th century, the Russian baroque style dominated in the parquet fashion. It must be said that the parquet at that time was panel-type, it was fixed on a pine base, on top of which plywood was laid with a pattern of various woods. The shields were placed in a special lattice, which gave the structure a certain strength. Along with the "native" species of wood in the production of parquet, they began to use expensive exotic, for example, black ebony, purple - rosewood, pink - amaranth, yellow and red sandalwood, tobacco, lemon - citron, or orange, satin elm, or satin wood …A variety of colors and textures of the material allowed to create the most luxurious wood paintings on the floor.

At the end of the century, the Baroque style gives way to Russian classics. Instead of florid ornaments, the parquet is decorated with classic patterns, symmetrical elements and strict lines. The color scale of the material also changes, the bright, contrasting pattern is replaced by pale pink, light blue, light green, lilac tones. Restraint in everything is the main credo of that period. These trends continue to develop in the 19th century. The parquet is characterized by clear contours, regular geometric patterns and strict symmetry. In the second half of the nineteenth century, the production of factory parquet began. The products of the factories were in great demand among the population, since then parquet is considered one of the most traditional and affordable finishing materials.

Today the term "parquet" includes several varieties of flooring. First of all, they designate piece and decorative parquet. It is used when talking about flooring and parquet boards. For many, it is associated with laminate, which is sometimes called laminated parquet.

Laminate or laminated parquet?

Laminated parquet or just laminate is nothing more than an artificial substitute for parquet. It has the smallest number of disadvantages compared to other types of parquet flooring, if you do not take into account the artificiality of its origin. Laminate is heat resistant. If a lighted cigarette falls to the floor, not the slightest speck will remain on the laminate. It removes coffee, wine or nail polish stains with ease. You can put heavy furniture on it without fear that over time, characteristic dents will appear on the floor. Laminate does not fade in the sun and perfectly imitates almost any type of flooring: parquet, ceramic tiles, abstract patterns. And the most important thing is that its flooring does not require special skills and is produced in a matter of hours. From this point of view, laminate is "a real breakthrough into the future." But,Like sugar substitutes, laminate flooring is not to everyone's taste. Some buyers mistake it for plastic.


Despite the external similarity, the laminate has a more complex structure than a conventional plastic panel. The laminated parquet board consists of four layers. The bottom layer is a melamine base impregnated with resin and covered with a polymer material. It protects the floor from moisture. The middle layer, or core, is made of fiberboard. It bears the main load and is responsible for the durability of the coating. On top of it, a decorative layer is applied - a printed pattern that will determine the "species" and "color of the wood". And finally, on top, the structure, pressed at high temperature and high pressure, is covered with a layer of durable laminate. It protects the floor from scratches and mechanical stress.

The basis of the laminate is a carrier board with a water-repellent impregnation, which is of three types: MDF - medium-compacted fiberboard; HDF - plate of the same structure, but with a higher degree of compaction; and the third compound, the most durable, is a composite of a chipboard structure, which in Russian is most often referred to as chipboard. The lower layer of the laminate is used to compensate for the stress that occurs on the board after the application of subsequent layers.

As for the colors, imitation of wood or ceramic tiles is the most popular. Firms that produce inexpensive laminate flooring usually offer the buyer three to four color plates. Larger decor manufacturers may have several dozen.

When comparing laminate with natural parquet, in addition to increased wear resistance, it is worth noting the ease of installation of the former. When laying a laminate, there is no need to free up the entire area of ​​the room, since the work can be carried out in stages. Laminate flooring is laid using the so-called floating floor method, when the plates are not fixed tightly to the surface, but, tightly joining each other, are laid on a special substrate, which, among other things, provides shock absorption and drowns out noise from steps.

There are two ways of joining laminate plates: adhesive and locking ("click"). The first way is more traditional. And it has an undeniable advantage - the glue that envelops the parts to be joined creates a guaranteed waterproofing of the floor. The castle method is now the most popular. Its main advantage is the possibility of easy replacement of a damaged floorboard (however, in fairness it should be noted that after 2-3 replacements a gap may appear between the plates and then the floor insulation will be broken). Taking into account all the nuances, many manufacturers duplicate collections, releasing them with two different mounting systems.

Installing a laminate is very simple, all operations are available even to a layman, especially since the whole process is described in detail in the instructions. But sellers still recommend contacting specialized organizations. First, you don't have to spend money on specialized tools. And, secondly, with a professionally performed installation on a laminated floor, they give a guarantee.

As you know, the lacquered surface of the parquet is repaired during abrasion and the overall service life of the natural coating is on average 30 years. Laminate will last 10-15 years, but for that it will not require repair of the entire surface. Damaged plates in the most exploited areas (corridor, kitchen) can be easily replaced by yourself. From the point of view of environmental safety, the laminate fully meets Russian and European standards. But in order to buy a high-quality coating, you need to pay attention to the labeling in the store. If it bears the "EPLF" symbol, it means that the manufacturer is a member of the Community of European Laminate Parquet Manufacturers. This is a kind of quality assurance. Every company that is a member of the Community must have at least3-5 unique collections and adhere to the European standard of laminate classification.

Some non-EPLF manufacturers still use the old classification based on the abrasion test. It is carried out using a special wheel that rotates over the surface of the laminate and leaves scratches. Depending on "on which circle" the scratch appeared, and the degree of wear resistance of the material was determined earlier. But over time, the test was recognized as ineffective, since the results could be influenced by air temperature, humidity, wheel composition and other "side" indicators. Therefore, you should be alarmed by the fact that the number of revolutions is indicated in the classification of your chosen laminate.

About three years ago, the association developed new rules - a comprehensive indicator of the class of the room. In total, six classes were identified. Laminate parquet has different strengths, so it is customary to divide it into coatings for commercial and residential premises. In accordance with international standards, the type of laminate is marked on the package with the number 2 (for residential) or 3 (for commercial). Further on the packaging indicate the degree of abrasion of the material. The unit denotes a rather soft laminate, it is laid in rooms with low traffic. In the house, this could be a bedroom. The average degree of abrasion is marked with two. The most durable laminate, number three, is installed in rooms where a large number of people come. Thus, laminate with the number "21" is suitable for decorating the floor in a secluded room of an apartment.(2 - means living space, 1 - a small number of users), and in the corridors of a hotel or restaurant you need to use laminate "33".


In addition to the classification, it is worth paying attention to the marking of the manufacturer. Often, EPLF member companies export semi-finished products to third countries (Poland, Turkey, the Baltic States). In third countries, they are cut, assembled, labeled and sold at a lower price. It is very risky to buy such a product, since often in such industries the coverage class is overestimated or does not meet production standards. To avoid possible troubles, it is recommended to ask the seller for a certificate before buying.

What does the market offer?

Laminate Quick-Step from the Belgian company Unilin Decor belongs to the category of high quality laminate floors. Designed for installation in residential (except saunas and baths) and public premises with an average degree of load on the floor surface (offices, showrooms, classrooms, etc.)

Quick-Step laminate flooring is easy to install: no glue, simple snapping on, leaving no visible seams. The coating can be reused (mounting and dismounting) over many years. The material has a strong structure of several layers: a protective layer; layer with a pattern; waterproof dense HDF sheet; polymer layer. The manufacturer gives a 15-year warranty for all Uniclic products. In reality, the service life of the laminate can reach 50 years or more.

"Kronotex" (Germany) produces a laminate with an MDF base. It is an inexpensive coating with a short lifespan. The cost per square meter of laminate from this company, depending on the collection, is $ 10-20.

Firm "Jurgi" (Austria) uses a two-stage production method, providing uniform strength of the product throughout the plate. It is a more durable and expensive material. The price for it ranges from $ 14.5 to 28.5.

Perstorp Flooring (Sweden) in the early 80s has developed a fundamentally new class of flooring - laminated floor. The new product was launched under the Pergo brand. Since then, Perstorp Flooring has supplied about 100 million square meters of flooring to houses and apartments in more than 30 countries. The secret of success lies in unique patented components, technologies and manufacturing methods. Today Perstorp Flooring produces the highest quality laminate flooring, as well as various accessories (skirting boards, adapters, sills, underlays, joint sealants, etc.) and tools for laying laminate floors.

Since 1999, the Tarkett Sommer concern begins production of a new product - Woodstock laminate. The new plant was built in Germany (Wismar), together with one of the largest manufacturers of laminate floors Egger, one of the three leaders in the field of laminate flooring. The production is characterized by the most advanced technologies, exceptional quality and a wide range of products.

Parquet for those who like bigger

With a great deal of conventionality, a type of block parquet can be called a floorboard, except for its size, it does not differ in any way from ordinary parquet. It is also made from an array of various types of wood, then fixed on a flat base of the floor and varnished. This method of creating a wooden floor has been known since time immemorial, but today it is not very popular. It would seem that a floorboard is the best option for creating a natural floor covering, because the larger the size of the layer, the faster and cheaper the installation work. However, it seems so only at first glance.

In order to understand why such a seemingly practical material is not widely used, one will have to remember that wood is a rather capricious material that requires the creation of stable climatic conditions. At the same time, the fact is well known that with an increase in humidity, temperature drops, and just over time, wood (and massive products made from it) change their geometric parameters. So with increasing humidity, the tree swells and gains in volume. And at high temperatures, on the contrary, it dries up and becomes smaller. If on small blocks of natural parquet such fluctuations can be compensated for by competent installation, then, given the size of the floorboard (from a meter), we have to admit that sooner or later seasonal fluctuations will lead to cracking and swelling of the floor covering.


But nothing is impossible. For those who want to use floorboards in the room, some of the world's leading manufacturers offer type-setting solid boards. They represent a plate glued at the factory from small modules made of different layers of wood. The thickness of the typesetting board can be up to 20 mm, but at the same time, manufacturers guarantee the stability of the geometry of their products.

Planks from a typesetting array of leading manufacturers are fully processed in the factory. And the secret of the stability of the geometric parameters lies in the special technology of drying wood under high pressure (the moisture content in the array is reduced to zero, then the wood is impregnated with an antiseptic to the full depth, and its moisture content is artificially brought to 5-7%).

Moreover, the factory processing includes sanding, impregnation with antiseptics and coating with several layers of wear-resistant polyurethane varnish. The treated surface has anti-static and anti-allergenic properties. From the inside, the boards are often covered with polyethylene film, this measure protects the wood from moisture penetration from below. On the front side, the boards can have a two-, three- and four-lane pattern.

This type of natural wood flooring can withstand high loads and can be used for the arrangement of floors even in public spaces. Like natural parquet, solid wood boards can be scrapped if necessary.

As a rule, for the convenience of laying the boards at the factory are equipped with tongue-and-groove joints on four sides. The installation of a floorboard can be done in different ways. Like laminate flooring, the floorboard can be installed in a "floating" manner, for greater reliability it can be nailed to a wooden substrate. Also, the floorboard is fixed with nails on the logs, but it must be remembered that before laying a thin floorboard on the logs, the base must be reinforced with plywood or chipboard. Finally, a method was developed for quick attachment to metal staples. Fasteners on special brackets not only speed up the installation process of the entire floor covering, but also ensure the quality characteristics of the floor, despite the deformation of the tree due to changes in the temperature and humidity conditions in the room. The staples increase the elasticity of the floor covering,as they are made from spring hardened steel and allow for the natural expansion of the tree. If necessary, such a floor covering can be quickly dismantled and installed in another place.

What does the market offer?

The Siberian Master company produces floorboards from oak (solid wood) class "Extra" and "A". Length 0.6 - 2.0 m, width 105 - 150 mm, thickness 22 mm. Perfect geometry and grinding, groove-comb on 4 sides. Larch and beech are used to make the boards. Cost sq.m. depending on the class, it ranges from $ 44-55

The firm "Nolte" (Germany) is engaged in the production of solid floor boards, skirting boards, decorative sills for expansion gaps, and other elements of interior decoration of premises from valuable wood species.

A diversified firm "Aicher" (Germany) produces various types of wooden flooring, including solid wood flooring. All products comply with the new European standards EN 13329.

The company "Junglewood" (Indonesia) produces parquet and solid wood from exotic valuable species of wood growing in the jungles of Indonesia and Southeast Asia. On the Russian market, solid wood boards are also represented by the following companies: Jurgi (Austria), Holzwerk Otger Terhurne (Germany), OSMO Ostermann & Scheiwe (Germany), Weitzer Parkett (Austria).

Parquet board. What is parquet in common?

The closest relative of parquet is parquet board. Outwardly, it is no different from a floorboard: the coatings are almost the same size. Particularly popular with buyers are parquet boards with traditional patterns of inlaid parquet, for example, "herringbone", "deck" and others. It should be noted that leading manufacturers have launched the production of single-strip parquet boards. Placing such material on the floor creates the illusion that it is laid out with an array of boards. The difference between a floorboard and a parquet board does not lie in external features, it is hidden deep inside. As we already know, floorboards are made from solid wood. And the parquet board is made of a three-layer structure. The top layer of the parquet board, as befits a high-quality flooring, is made of strips of valuable wood species.Usually the same wood is used in production as in the manufacture of block parquet, for example, oak, beech, ash, maple, mahogany. The core of the parquet board is made of softwood or pine laths, and sometimes a high density board is used. It is this soft wood insert that is designed to ensure the internal stability of the structure and compensate for temperature and humidity changes. The bottom layer of a parquet board is trivially made of plywood.It is this soft wood insert that is designed to ensure the internal stability of the structure and compensate for temperature and humidity changes. The bottom layer of parquet boards is trivially made of plywood.It is this soft wood insert that is designed to ensure the internal stability of the structure and compensate for temperature and humidity changes. The bottom layer of a parquet board is trivially made of plywood.

How, then, is the construction of a parquet board, which in its dimensions almost completely coincides with the dimensions of a massive board, withstands changes in temperature and humidity? The secret lies in the very heart of the design. The fact is that in different layers of a parquet board, wood fibers are located in different directions. In the upper and lower layers, they run along the long side, in the middle - perpendicularly. This layer allows you to neutralize the natural change in the size of the wood when the temperature and humidity conditions change.

Another indisputable advantage of a parquet board is its factory processing. At the factory, the board is sanded and coated with a protective material (varnish or oil). Grinding, and especially the application of a varnish layer in the factory, in terms of its quality and durability, is usually higher than when performing the same operations directly on site. However, parquet boards can be sold without coating (only polished), it is convenient to purchase them only if the customer could not decide on the decorative properties of the coating in advance. After all, the finish coat not only gives the parquet floor an attractive appearance, but also protects it from mechanical wear and prevents the penetration of dirt into the wood.

The impregnation of parquet boards with oil (a special composition of a mixture of natural oils and natural resins or beeswax) is a fairly new direction. It has a number of advantages over varnishes. Due to the fact that the oil penetrates the pores much more easily, the wood grain is more pronounced, thus, the beauty of natural wood is emphasized more strongly. The disadvantage of an oil coating is only that it requires more frequent maintenance than a varnish coating - it is necessary periodically (the time depends on the intensity of loads) to process the floor with oil compositions. But even this disadvantage of traditional oil coatings has become a thing of the past, since today the so-called UV oil has been developed, which needs to be renewed only once every few years.

The geometric dimensions of the parquet boards of different manufacturers are different, and although they differ in a relatively small range, it is usually impossible to combine products from different manufacturers. Parquet boards are produced in various thicknesses - from 7 to 25 mm. The top layer can also have different thicknesses (from 2.2 to 6 mm), and the thicker it is, the more durable the floor covering will be. As a rule, the choice of a board of the required thickness of the board is determined by the requirements for durability: the thicker the board, the thicker the working layer is. But this parameter is also influenced by the characteristics of a particular room.

For example, a thin parquet board will become an indispensable assistant when it is impossible to raise the floor height. The thinnest parquet board has a thickness of 7 mm, its upper working layer is made not of valuable wood, but of veneer. Such a thin board cannot be scraped; it can only be used to repair the varnish. There are also products (with a total thickness of 10 mm) made according to a special technology with a working layer of 2.2 mm from softwoods (pine, birch). In this case, the top layer of the parquet board is pressed under high pressure, as a result of which the softwood becomes twice as hard.

The most commonly used boards are 13-15 mm (working layer up to 4 mm), they are installed both in residential premises and in public ones. A parquet board of 20 mm differs from 15 mm in a thicker working layer - 6 mm. Recommended for public spaces. Boards with a thickness of 22 mm are intended for laying the floor covering on logs in residential and public areas. Working layer - 4 mm. The inner layer is made of high density fibreboard (HDF), which has high tensile and compressive strength. The bottom layer is made of spruce plywood or oak. The densest parquet board, 25 mm thick, compared to 22 mm, has a structure that has increased resistance to dynamic loading. Working layer - 6 mm. Designed for installation on joists or subfloors, especially in public areas.

By the way, you can cover the floor with this finishing material yourself. On the edges and ends of each board there are grooves and ridges that are designed to connect the boards to each other, the floor is folded like a children's designer. The parquet board can be installed in two ways: either by "floating" method, or by gluing the board to the base. The "floating" method is faster and more economical, but not the most convenient for further operation. This installation method implies that the bonded parquet boards are kept on the floor by the baseboards and nothing else. When you walk on the "floating" floor, a slight rustling is heard in the room, so now it is customary to lay a special sound-insulating substrate between the concrete base and the wooden flooring. However, soundproofing material will not save the day,when the need comes to sand the floor. It is almost impossible to do an economical and high-quality sanding on a floating floor. It is much more reliable to glue the parquet board to the base. It can be attached to chipboard, plywood, concrete or an old wooden floor, as long as there are no cracks in them.

The championship in the production of parquet boards belongs to foreign companies, if only because they began to produce this type of flooring abroad much earlier than in Russia. The Swedish company Tarkett produces various types of parquet boards. The assortment of this company includes both classic options for flooring with parquet veneer made of oak, beech, maple, merbau, and modern ones - boards painted in a variety of colors. The representatives of this company are especially proud of the collection of parquet boards for gyms. The cost of classic Tarkett parquet flooring options: $ 36 - $ 60 per square meter. The products of the Swedish company Kahrs are in the same price category. With a standard board size of 2432x200x15, its cost does not exceed $ 54. Parquet boards with a variety of parquet veneers (oak, beech, teak, maple, merbau,cherry) are offered by Finnish producers Upofloor, Lamella, Parla. Traditional parquet boards with an oak working layer are estimated by Finnish manufacturers at $ 30- $ 35. The joint German-Indonesian company Teka has focused on the production of parquet boards using exotic wood species. In addition to the well-known teak, merbau and kempas, they can offer iroko, dussia, papillon, and rosewood. Moreover, the price for outlandish floorboards does not exceed $ 60. Domestic parquet boards from the NILK and DOK-Lyubertsy factories can be regarded as one of the exotic options. In terms of quality, some do not differ much from foreign counterparts, since the production is equipped with Italian and Swedish machines. Oak and beech are used as veneer in both factories. Russian parquet boards cost from $ 19 to $ 29.

Classic block parquet

Block parquet is the most expensive type of flooring, but also the most popular. Block parquet is appreciated for its durability. Solid wood, which is used for the production of block parquet, is easy to restore. It can be not only sanded, but also repeatedly scraped, that is, remove the worn top layer and again varnish. After this procedure, the old parquet looks like new.

The quality, however, and the cost of parquet, depends on many indicators, primarily on the type of wood. Good parquet flooring should be made of hardwood with the least linear expansion. Parquet manufacturers use a special scale in their work, the hardness of oak is taken as a unit in it, relative to which the indicators of other species are determined. According to this scale, the hardest wood is in the olive tree (its indicator is 1.5), and the softest in the pine and spruce (0, 4 and 0, 3, respectively). However, olive (you can also add beech and ash to it) has one of the highest linear expansion rates, which means that with small changes in temperature and humidity, such parquet can "lead" and all work will go to waste. Teak massif is least exposed to climatic influences. However,generally accepted indicators of the hardness of wood species are very approximate, since the real parameters depend on many particular conditions.

Two types of parquet are produced from one type of wood, which are divided according to the type of cut into radial and tangential. With radial sawing, the tree is cut along the radius. This parquet is stronger, more moisture resistant and smoother, all wood fibers go in the longitudinal direction. Tangential cutting is more economical and therefore much cheaper than radial cutting. Parquet with such a cut has a pronounced "woody pattern", there may be traces of knots, stains or sapwood on it. The latter should be feared when buying parquet. Sapwood is what experts call low-density parquet areas. They are easily squeezed through and can rot, outwardly they are much lighter than the general tone of wood.

Further, block parquet is divided according to the characteristics that characterize the knotty wood. The first grade, which is called "select", is taken from planks that strictly correspond to one tone. This parquet will look like a solid wood carpet on the floor. The variety "natures" combines radial and tangential cut dies, they are matched by tone, but differ in the wood pattern. And, finally, the third grade "rustic" is the most colorful, it contains parquet of different tones, different sawing and different degrees of knotty.

The durability of the parquet, in addition to the hardness of the wood, depends on the thickness of the product. Plasti, as professionals call small parquet boards, can be of different lengths, widths and thicknesses. The dimensions of the parquet depend on the equipment on which it was made. As practice shows, domestic products are usually wider, but not as long as imported ones. However, the thickness of the array is a purely individual matter of the manufacturer. For example, classic oak parquet with a thickness of 15 mm to 22 mm is offered at a price per square meter of parquet covering from 230 rubles ("rustic" grade, 15mm) to $ 65 (radial cut parquet, 22mm).

When decorating a room with parquet, it is important to take into account not only the practical properties of this material: good heat and sound insulation, the natural origin of the material, but also aesthetic ones: the texture of the wood, its color. The choice of flooring will affect the entire interior of the room. Light parquet will make it more spacious and warm, dark will give the room an official, austere look. The wood itself is usually divided into traditional and exotic. It is believed that it is better to use parquet from local wood species, since they are more adapted to the climatic conditions of a particular strip. Oak, beech, ash, maple, hornbeam, pear are traditional for our strip.

Oak and beech are the most common species for parquet production, they belong to the same family, therefore, beech is in no way inferior to its counterpart in strength. Beech wood has a light reddish yellow or gray tint. Externally, beech parquet seems to be very warm and even soft, but this is a misleading impression, since beech is considered one of the hard species. The average price for beech parquet is $ 25 per sq. m. Maple wood has an almost white color, however, over time it acquires a yellowish tint. Maple flooring contrasts well with dark furnishings and refreshes small spaces. But due to its natural properties, this breed is prone to cracking, therefore, in a room with such parquet, you will constantly have to maintain optimal climatic conditions - an air temperature of about 20C and a humidity of 45-60%.A square meter of maple parquet costs $ 30 - $ 80. Ash is a light wood. It is much harder than oak and teak, but quite resilient. This breed is distinguished by a pronounced woody texture. Ash parquet costs from $ 10 to $ 60. Pear wood parquet looks extraordinarily delicate. It is painted in pink tones of varying intensity and, in contrast to ash, has an almost imperceptible texture, with proper installation of such parquet you can achieve the effect of a "monolithic" floor. Pear parquet prices start at $ 30 and end at $ 125.It is painted in pink tones of varying intensity and, in contrast to ash, has an almost imperceptible texture, with proper installation of such parquet you can achieve the effect of a "monolithic" floor. Pear parquet prices start at $ 30 and end at $ 125.It is painted in pink tones of varying intensity and, in contrast to ash, has an almost imperceptible texture, with proper installation of such parquet you can achieve the effect of a "monolithic" floor. Pear parquet prices start at $ 30 and end at $ 125.

Among exotic species, all kinds of mahogany, merbau, teak, olive are the most popular among our compatriots. Almost all exotic woods are native to East Asia or Indonesia. Their wood is hard, wear-resistant, but very pliable. It's easy to work with and easy to live with. Merbau ranges in color from light to dark brown and goes well with oak. Its cost does not exceed $ 40 per sq. m. A lighter teak with a clear fibrous pattern on the cut costs almost twice as much - $ 70 - $ 80. The olive tree grows in southern Europe. Parquet manufacturers appreciate it for its amazing hardness, buyers for its unusual pattern - the light yellow, almost white base of this tree is covered with characteristic dark brown waves.A rather colorful pattern is unlikely to look in a small room, for that it will decorate any room. Olive parquet flooring is one of the most expensive, its cost exceeds $ 100 per sq. m.

We've covered a whole range of wood flooring from the most "economical" to the most exclusive materials. We hope that now it will be easier for our readers to make the right choice.

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