Video: Redevelopment: Everything Is Possible That Is Not Prohibited
While a person is alive, he settles in - to the best of his financial, physical and housing capabilities. The craving for comfort is ineradicable and the market trends of recent years have strengthened it, developed and provided the tenant with new opportunities and prospects. Today, a rare apartment has escaped redevelopment or at least partial reconstruction. Renovation, saunas, the appearance of two-level apartments in standard high-rise buildings - this is becoming a widespread phenomenon. It all looks so good in its final performance!
When initiating such transformations, few people think about such things as disruption of heat supply, weakening of the supporting structures of the building … Those who understand the seriousness of such a step turn to specialists, many of them act according to the principle of "an architect for himself." At the same time, he cannot imagine what sometimes catastrophic consequences can be caused by home-grown "architectural ideas". With this article, we open a new topic, which will consider the legal issues of design and architecture. In the future, you will be able to receive professional comments and clarifications on all the details and positions of redevelopment and home improvement on our website.
Take, for example, such a common and seemingly simple case as moving the kitchen to the loggia. In the language of specialists, this is called a change in the functional purpose of the premises. Suppose that you took the kitchen to the loggia, and placed the bedroom in the vacant kitchen. This move is often resorted to by the owners of one-room apartments, who are inspired by the opportunity to have two rooms instead of the one calculated by the designers.
For a specialist, such a redevelopment raises the following questions. The transfer of gas and light to the loggia is an interference with the scheme specified by the project of engineering networks, did the systems become dangerous to the lives of residents and the integrity of the building? A kitchen, like a bath, a toilet, requires special waterproofing rules, have these requirements been met? Was the fact of redevelopment agreed, and if not, are the owners ready to redo everything at their own expense, if the fact comes out?
And the glazing of the loggias? This "beautiful, ancient custom" is to rebuild them like no other room in the apartment. A new house is rented out and, with the settlement of tenants, it begins to grow overgrown with multi-format glazing and improvised materials - here there is brick, clay and tin, painted in a variety of colors. And no one cares about the aesthetics of the facade, the street, the face of the city as a whole.
Or another common example is the transfer of walls and partitions. Did you know that you cannot install partitions if the result is a living room without natural light or heating appliances. Redevelopment is prohibited, providing for a living room of less than 9 sq. m. or less than 2.25 m wide. It is unacceptable to increase the utility area due to the living space. This is all from the Building Norms and Rules (SNIP).
Unauthorized restructuring creates a threat to the property and health of residents of the entire entrance or house, and sometimes life. There are many examples of this. Experts believe that gas explosions occurring from time to time may well occur due to the fault of unauthorized re-planners who have touched the gas pipelines. The main thing that needs to be understood is that you must not touch the systems on which the life support of the house and the strength of the structure of the apartment in the house depend: in particular, load-bearing supports and beams, ventilation systems, gas pipes, water supply systems, fire-fighting devices. Gasification and water supply systems, if desired, can only be changed with the help of appropriate services.
How do you know what you can and cannot do? Undoubtedly, you can change your home, but subject to a number of conditions. According to the Housing Code, reconstruction, planning of living quarters and utility rooms can only be carried out in order to improve the improvement of the apartment, with the consent of the tenant and adult members of his family, with the consent of the landlord, with the permission of the local administration.
Muscovites can be guided by the Law of the City of Moscow "On the Procedure for Reorganizing Premises in Residential Buildings in Moscow." There is also the "Regulation on the procedure for obtaining permission for the conversion and redevelopment of residential and non-residential premises in residential buildings", approved by the State Committee of the Russian Federation for the construction and housing and communal complex. This document draws a gradation between concepts such as "refurbishment" and "redevelopment".
The former include the installation of household electric stoves instead of gas stoves or kitchen fireplaces; transfer of electrical networks, heating plumbing and gas appliances; redevelopment and refurbishment of existing toilets and bathrooms; installation of ventilation ducts again; laying new or replacing existing supply and discharge pipelines and devices for the installation of shower cabins, "jacuzzis", high-power washing machines and other sanitary and household appliances of a new generation. Redevelopment, as defined by the "Regulations", includes the transfer and disassembly of partitions; transfer and arrangement of doorways; downsizing of multi-room apartments; installation of additional kitchens and bathrooms; expansion of living space due to auxiliary premises;elimination of dark kitchens and kitchen entrances through apartments or living quarters; re-installation or re-equipment of existing vestibules. And for each of these cases, there are a number of their own rules and restrictions dictated by SNIP.
In addition, by order of the mayor of Moscow, redevelopment of the existing apartment is possible only after obtaining permission from the interdepartmental commission (IAC). And such permission can be obtained by submitting to this commission a statement of an individual or legal entity, an inventory plan of a house, an act or conclusion of an operating organization on the technical condition of design and engineering equipment, dimensional drawings of a room, a conclusion of the State Housing Inspectorate of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, and a bunch of various certificates and papers …
As you can see, redevelopment is not only a matter of our taste and whims. Everything is much more complicated … What should the tenant undertake if, nevertheless, the decision "to change places" is ripe? The answer is unambiguous - contact experienced specialists who have the appropriate licenses. They will not only competently resolve the issues of redevelopment, but also coordinate the project, as a result of which all the changes you have conceived will acquire legal status.
If you fundamentally ignore legal requirements and trust your taste more than the knowledge of professionals, do not touch at least the load-bearing walls and the layout of engineering networks when redeveloping yourself. At least this way you will do less damage to yourself and your home.
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